Plant propagation is a wonderful way to expand your garden. It’s cost-effective and easy, and will take your gardening skills to the next level. Follow this step-by-step guide to propagating plants and you’ll soon be growing new, healthy plants
What is plant propagation?
Propagation is the process of growing a new plant from parts of an existing one. It’s a rewarding and valuable skill that will help you to expand your existing collection. There are three easy ways to propagate your plants: cuttings, root division and runners.
Growing plants from cuttings is a common propagation technique and involves using a leaf, stem or root from the parent plant. It is well suited to indoor plants and herbs. The snake plant, daisies, lavender, bougainvillea and succulents are easily propagated via cuttings.
Step-by-step guide to propagating with cuttings:
A number of indoor plants, including pothos, monstera and philodendron, can be propagated by placing the cutting in water. Replace the water every 2 weeks.
Plant propagation through root division separates the parent plant into smaller sections in order to form new plants. This technique can only be done with plants that have multiple stems emerging from a central crown. Some of these plants include ornamental grasses and perennial flowers such as the hosta, catnip, daylily and viola.
Step-by-step guide to propagating with root division:
Runners are specialised, horizontal shoots that give out adventitious roots at the nodes. Since their shoots spread horizontally on the surface of the soil, it makes it easy to use these to grow new plants. Peppermint, hen and chicken, and the spider plant are commonly propagated this way, but this method is also ideal for strawberry lovers.
Step-by-step guide to propagating with runners:
Plant propagation techniques take time to learn. Some plants are easy to propagate, while others will present a few challenges. Through trial and error, you’ll find the method and plants that work best in your home and garden environment, and will be enjoying progagating (and your new plants!) in no time!